Dinesh D’Souza who is known as an Indian American conservative political commentator, apologist and author who was formerly the President of The King’s College in New York City has done it again here with his new book “Godforsaken: Bad Things Happen. Is there a God who cares? Yes. Here’s proof”. In this book D’Souza responds with a resounding “Yes” to the question can an omniscient all powerful God be good if evil still happens. The author having a long history and track record debating atheists believes that this question is at the roots of atheism’s disbelief.
I found this book intellectually stimulating as I went from one chapter to the next. He would open each chapter with a review of the atheist’s opponent’s strongest arguments and then he would systematically tackle each of them head on with rigorous scholarship providing a comprehensive evangelical response. He would refute the arguments of the likes of Nietzsche and Hawkins while commenting and providing the key thoughts of other Christian thinkers who have spoken on the topic.
The author had three audiences in mind when writing this book. First was to answer the atheist argument that evil and suffering in the world somehow contradict the idea of a God who is both omnipotent and good and secondly to convince both unbelievers and believers that there is reason and purpose for evil and suffering. Then thirdly to address those Christians who are suffering. Reading the book I found insightful his thoughts on Darwin and other atheists and why many become atheist due to the problem of evil.
One of the basic premises he gives in the beginning of the book is the concept that it would be impossible to have an existing perfect creation without the capacity for evil that would also love God. D’Souza says it is illogical like God created a three sided square. Henceforth it would longer be square is the same way love would no longer be love if evil were not imminently present. Overall, I found Godforsaken to be a great page turner and well written with a mix of science and reason. I believe D’Souza offers up a fresh study of theodicy and brings some up to date material to the table for discussion. I would highly recommend this book to anyone who wants to delve in to a volume that gives a sound explanation of evil and suffering.
Disclaimer: In exchange for this review, I received a free copy of Godforsaken from Tyndale House Publishers through the Tyndale Blog Network.
For over 30 years, Dr. Kermit Gosnell ran the Women’s Medical Society in Philadelphia. Presumably this was considered a women’s health clinic where abortions were performed and also where women could get medical checkups and also get prescriptions. Recently a new documentary film has shed some spotlight on Dr. Kermit Gosnell, the Philadelphia Women’s Medical Society disaster and the cover-up by the state and local oversight agencies.
The documentary reveals some of the horrific acts of an abortion clinic that serviced primarily minority women, that went far beyond the typical boundaries of protocol, law and even logical reason. It is reported that Gosnell and his employees repeatedly performed illegal third trimester abortions and silenced breathing infants with a clip of the spinal column and then stored the remains like a modern day Jeffrey Dahmer.
The greater atrocity is the government agencies who are called to supervise such clinics gave a blind eye and deaf ear to the reported horrors going on within the walls of this center. As this Sunday for many congregations it is Sanctity of Life Sunday you can view the entire 21 minute online documentary, 3801 Lancaster at their website. As this clinic primarily offered abortion services to women of minority by an African american doctor a few interesting facts provided by the CDC are informative. According to the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention abortion is the number one killer of African Americans. Abortion takes more lives yearly than all other causes of death. In 2007, the numbers break down as follows (2) Diabetes: 12,459 deaths (3) Homicide: 8,870 deaths (4) Heart Disease: 71,209 deaths (5) HIV: 6,470 deaths and number one is (1) Abortion: 164,537 deaths. Additionally, in 2007, for every 1,000 live births in the black community, there were 468 abortions. 31.8% of African American pregnancies end in abortion.
Planned Parenthoo has just released their fiscal report for the year of 2011-2012 to reveal some startling numbers concerning the abortion services they provide in America. The nation’s largest abortion provider maintained its infamous title performing roughly one out of every four abortions in America. Planned Parenthood has ridden the waves of taxpayer funding to reaching a record high of abortions 333,964 according to its latest annual report for fiscal year 2011 to 2012. A snippet of the article from the Washington Examiner:
In its latest annual report for fiscal year 2011 to 2012, Planned Parenthood reveals that it performed 333,964 abortions in 2011 – a record year for the organization. According to annual reports, the organization performed 332,278 abortions in 2009, 329,445 in 2010, making the total number of abortions in three years to 995,687. Planned Parenthood reported receiving a record $542 million in taxpayer funding, according to a Susan B. Anthony List analysis of the report, in the form of government grants, contracts, and Medicaid reimbursements. The amount is 45 percent of Planned Parenthood’s annual revenue.
This high number of abortions pales in comparison to the organizations 2,300 adoption referrals which shows where its emphasis is truly located. Last year, like many before it, Planned Parenthood saw a very comfortable income, reporting excess revenues exceeding $87 million and net assets of more than $1.2 billion. A snippet of the reports reads” I concur with with SBA List’s Presidents words quoted from the news report below:
Susan B. Anthony List’s President Marjorie Dannenfelser said in a statement. “Destroying nearly one million children in three years is not health care and does not reflect a concern for vulnerable women and girls.”
In past years Planned Parenthood has stressed that it provides healthcare and preventative services to indigent women. But Mallory Quigley with SBA List tells OneNewsNow that this latest annual report is telling a different story.
“Contraception services dropped by 12 percent since 2009, and cancer-screening and prevention services dropped by 29 percent,” she points out. “So Planned Parenthood spent much of the last couple of years making the case for why they should receive taxpayer funding and really relying on taxpayers to fill up their coffers — and they’re not providing the healthcare services that they claim.” According to Quigley, that “absolutely” means more of the federal money going to Planned Parenthood is freed up to perform abortions.
When we think of the persecution of early Christians in the timeline of history we always think of the christian persecution under Roman rule. Much attention though has not been shed on the persecution of Christians outside of the Roman Empire. Most Christians have never heard of the Persian massacres. In 341 A.D. under the rule of the Persian Sassanid Empire during the reign of Zoroastrian Shapur II (Reigned 309-379). In religion sociologist Rodney Stark’s new book The Triumph of Christianity suggest that the number of Assyrian Christians who died in these massacres might have exceeded the vast numbers of all who died in all the persecutions during the Roman Empire entirely.
Let me set the stage. In 337 Shāpūr sent his army across the Tigris River in order to recover Armenia and Mesopotamia, which his predecessors had lost to the Romans. Until 350 conflicts raged between the two powers in northern Mesopotamia ending in a stalemate with no side a dominant victor.
Subsequently after 337, Shāpūr made an important policy decision.While even though the state religion of the Sāsānian Empire was Mazdaism (Zoroastrianism) the Christian faith flourished within its boundaries. The Roman emperor Constantine the Great had granted toleration to Christians in 313. With the subsequent Christianization of the empire, Shāpūr, mistrustful of a potential force at home while he was engaged abroad, ordered the persecution and forcible conversion of the Christians; this policy was in force throughout his reign. These period of persecution is a bit ignored. Let me quote Rodney Stark from his book The Triumph of Christianity:
Oddly, although the number who died in these massacres probably greatly exceeded the number who died in all the persecutions by the Romans put together, this aspect of Christian history has been almost totally ignored. Encyclopedia Britannica covers the Persian massacres in one sentence in its biography of the Persian ruler Shāpūr II and in two sentences in its history of Iran. In his magisterial Martyrdom and Persecution in the early church, W. H. C. Frend gave the Persian martyrs no mention at all. John Fox (1517-1587) devoted half a page of his Book of Martyrs to “Persecutions of the Christians in Persia,” but told nothing of the events involved and is content to fill most of his space with a letter supposedly sent to the King of Persia by Constantine, urging him to embrace his local Christians. If the letter is authentic, it was odd of Constantine to have written it since Rome and Persia had been bitter enemies for centuries. In any event, Constantine’s embrace of Christianity was the primary factor prompting the Persians to massacre Christians. It happened like this.
The creation of a rich, powerful, and intolerant Christian church was the primary legacy of the conversion of Constantine. Far better that he had remained a pagan who opposed religious persecution, while allowing Christian diversity to flourish. (pgs. 180-182)
“Shāpūr II was proclaimed as King of Persia at his birth in 309, and after a period of regency, he took command and ruled until his death in 379. In 337, the year that Constantine died, Shāpūr sent his forces across the Tigris River to attempt to reconquer Armenia and Mesopotamia from the Romans. Shāpūr was fully aware of the special status Constantine had conferred upon Christianity, and consequently he feared that the Persian Christians were potential traitors in conflicts with Rome. These fears were exploited by Zoroastrian priests who whispered to Shāpūr ‘that there is no secret’ that the Christian bishops do not reveal to the Romans.
As a response, the king imposed a double tax on Christians, but it did not cause the flood of defections he had anticipated. So, on Good Friday 344, Shāpūr had five bishops and one hundred Christian priests beheaded outside the walls of the city of Susa, and the massacres began. For the next several decades ‘Christians were tracked down and hunted from one end of the empire to the other.’ Before it ended, soon after Shāpūr died, tens of thousands had been killed—one source estimated that thirty-five thousand were martyred, and another that ‘as many as 190,000 Persian Christians died.’ Nevertheless, substantial numbers of Persian Christians survived and the faith soon reestablished itself as a major presence.”
I have read a number of books on the Doctrines of Grace, Calvinism, John Calvin and his theology. As I have been advised by professors and I strongly agree with them that we must also be readers of the primary sources. I have read many portions of his work including parts of the Institutes of Christian Religion but I have never read this work in its entirety.
I like many have enjoyed reading small nuggets and quotes from his magnum opus the Institutes of the Christian Religion. I have come across Bliss’ post on joining a group setting the goal to finish reading this book in a year. Here is the reading plan to go through The Institutes in a year that we will be using.
I purchased Battles translation of the Institutes about a year ago then the motivation to finally dive into this ocean of reformed theology came when I read Justin Taylor’s article on “Why and How to Read Calvin’s Institutes” which then lead me to the Stir Up blog to join the reading group. If interested I encourage also to join us for this journey through the pages of the Institutes.
My prayer is that our time would be fruitful and edifying that in our reading it would stir up our affections for Christ and God’s glory. In addition I am praying that this reading would not supplement nor super cede our daily reading of the scriptures but add to it. Kart Barth said concerning the profitability of reading and studying of the works of Calvin:
John Calvin is a cataract, a primeval forest, a demonic power, something directly down from Himalaya, absolutely Chinese, strange, mythological; I lack completely the means, the suction cups, even to assimilate this phenomenon, not to speak of presenting it adequately. What I receive is only a thin little stream and what I can then give out again is only a yet thinner extract of this little stream. I could gladly and profitably set myself down and spend all the rest of my life with just Calvin. 1
1 Karl Barth, Revolutionary Theology in the Making, James D. Smart, trans. (Richmond: John Knox Press, 1964), 101. As quoted by Timothy George,Theology of the Reformers (Nashville: Broadman, 1988), 163.
As the New Year begins many start to prepare for Tax Day as it comes and goes every year. What does the Bible say about paying taxes and also one might ask did Jesus pay taxes? In Matthew 17:24-27 we read that Jesus did indeed pay taxes. Also the Gospels of Matthew, Luke, and Mark each make note of another account when the Pharisees were attempting to trap Jesus in order to find a reason to accuse him. In Matthew 22:15-22 we read:
15 Then the Pharisees went and plotted how to entangle him in his words. 16 And they sent their disciples to him, along with the Herodians, saying, “Teacher, we know that you are true and teach the way of God truthfully, and you do not care about anyone’s opinion, for you are not swayed by appearances. 17 Tell us, then, what you think. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?” 18 But Jesus, aware of their malice, said, “Why put me to the test, you hypocrites? 19 Show me the coin for the tax.” And they brought him a denarius.20 And Jesus said to them, “Whose likeness and inscription is this?” 21 They said, “Caesar’s.” Then he said to them, “Therefore render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” 22 When they heard it, they marveled. And they left him and went away.
The historical context is interesting in that the Jews hated paying taxes and despised those of their own race who assisted in the collection of the taxes. The Jewish leaders of the time had queried Jesus if it was correct to pay the tax to Caesar. The trap set was that if Jesus said yes to paying taxes he would then strike a negative chord with the large populace crowds that were following him. On the other hand if he supported the idea of not paying taxes he would then be provoking the Roman government to incarcerate him or kill him.
Jesus response, “render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s” found in the text is that we must be good citizens which goes hand in hand with being good Christians. We are called to pay our taxes while also giving what we owe to God. On the topic of taxes, John Piper writes of the effect of the heart of rebellion on the soul in his book What Jesus Demands from the World:
It is risky for Jesus to say, “Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s.” That puts a high premium on obedience to the demands of Caesar. One of the realities that warrants this risk is that the heart of rebellion is more dangerous in us than the demands of Caesar outside of us. Jesus wants us to see that the danger to our soul from unjust, secular governments is nowhere near as great as the danger to our soul from the pride that kicks against submission. No mistreatment from Caesar or unjust law from Rome has ever sent anyone to hell. But pride and rebellion is what sends everyone to hell who doesn’t have a Savior. Therefore, the subordinate authorities of the world are warranted by God’s will in two senses. On the one hand, he wills that we recognize that these authorities are indeed subordinate and that we glorify him as the only supreme sovereign. On the other hand, he wills that we recognize these authorities as God-ordained and that we not proudly kick against what he has put in place.
A Christian worshiper from Nigeria and her son in the photo wait to pray at the Church of Nativity in Bethlehem while on Monday, December 24th 2012 gunmen attacked worshipers during prayer in Nigeria on Christmas Eve. Police said 12 people were killed when a group of armed men attacked two churches during Christmas Eve services in northern Nigeria. One incident took place at the Church of Christ in Nations in the province of Yobe. Six people were killed when the gunmen assaulted worshipers and set the church building on fire.
Another group of worshipers at the First Baptist Church in Borno State were also attacked, killing five church goers and a deacon. The two incidents were the most recent attacks targeting Christians in the region. Last year, at least 30 people were killed in a series of Christmas Day attacks in the north, with authorities putting the blame on the Boko Haram militant group.
Meanwhile, Pope Benedict XVI described the violence in northern Nigeria as “savage acts of terrorism”. The violence in the region was likewise addressed by Human Rights Watch in a report in which Boko Haram was also implicated. The report added that the sect, on penalty of death, also forced Christians to convert to Islam. As of press time, it remains unknown whether Boko Haram was responsible for the latest attacks. You can read the full story from CNN (here).
That we would persist in prayer for our persecuted brothers and sisters and for the salvation of the Boko Haram in the land of Nigeria. That the cause of Christ would persevere despite the violence on Christmas Eve. If wondering “Why and how should we pray and act for the suffering church?” you can find a great article on it (here).
Today as I have been reading the letter by Ignatius to the church in Rome known just as the letter to the Romans I found a radical flavor in his words that counted everything as loss outside of the unsurpassing value of Christ. Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch, was the disciple of St. John and around the year 107, Trajan came to Antioch, and forced the Christians to choose between apostasy and death. “Who art thou, poor devil,” the emperor said when Ignatius was brought before him, “who settest our commands at naught?” “Call not him ‘poor devil,’”
Ignatius answered, “who bears God within him.” And when the emperor questioned him about his meaning, Ignatius explained that he bore in his heart Christ crucified for his sake.
Thereupon the emperor condemned him to be torn to pieces by wild beasts in the Colosseum at Rome. He wrote five letters to churches in Asia Minor, one was to the church in Rome and the other was to a fellow bishop by the name of Polycarp of Smyrna.
These two letters were written prior to his arrival in Rome, while he was in Smyrna as he was on a forced marched by ten Roman soldiers whom he called “leopards” in the path to Rome to be thrown to the wild beasts for his faith in Jesus Christ.
“From Syria even to Rome I fight with wild beasts, by land and sea, by night and by day, being bound amidst ten leopards, even a company of soldiers, who only grow worse when they are kindly treated.” — Ignatius to the Romans, Ch. 5.
In reading his letter you can hear he had no fear except of losing the martyr’s crown. At one point he makes the profound declaration:
“Christianity is greatest when it is hated by the world” – Ignatius to the Romans, Ch. 3.
In his Chronicle, Eusebius gives the date of Ignatius’s death as AA 2124 (2124 years after Adam), which would amount to the 11th year of Trajan’s reign, i.e., A.D. 108.
After Ignatius was devoured by lions in the Roman amphitheatre his remains were carried back to Antioch by his companions and were interred outside the city gates. They were moved by the Emperor Theodosius II to the Tychaeum, or Temple of Tyche, which had been converted into a church dedicated to Ignatius. In 637 the relics were translated to the Basilica di San Clemente in Rome. The words of Christ ring true in this small sound bit of this bishop’s life as Jesus stated in Matthew 10:22: “and you will be hated by all for my name’s sake. But the one who endures to the end will be saved.”
In the text of Matthew 2:13-23 we read about the massacre of the innocents
which is the biblical narrative of infanticide by Herod the Great
, the Roman appointed King of the Jews. The historicity of the incident is by some to be considered an open question as there is no historical evidence mentioned in neither Roman nor Jewish records. This is argued since historians such as Josephus carefully recorded Herod’s abuses and the question is how he could of missed it?
Having recently seen a documentary on Herod the Great on the History Channel which in turn provoked to read Steward Perowne’s The Life & Times of Herod the Great (Sutton History Classics) I had some light shed on the question if Herod was capable of being the perpetrator of this atrocity. Just recently this month also I heard a podcast interview with Dr. Paul Maier about the paranoid tyrant who by all historical accounts was responsible for the murder of three of his sons on the suspicion of treason, the execution of his favorite wife of his ten wives, the killing of one of his mother-in-laws, a drowning of a high priest, and the killing off of uncles and cousins.
Historian Paul Maier:
You may be surprised to hear this, but believe it or not, if you are ever asked which is the one figure from the ancient world on whom we have more primary evidence from original sources than anyone else in the world, the answer is not Jesus or Saint Paul or Caesar Augustus or Julius Caesar—none of those. Alexander the Great? No, no. It is Herod the Great, believe it or not. Why? Because Josephus gives us two whole book scrolls on the life of Herod the Great. And that is more primary material than anyone else
In this interview Dr. Maier talks about Herod’s plot to kill a stadium of Jewish leaders which in turn wipes away any doubts of the historicity of Herod’s massacre of the innocents found in Matthew 2 and explains possibly why there is not any collaborating evidence in the historical record. You can listen to the full interview here.
For those you who recall the controversy about the doctrine of Hell and universalism that was spurred on by former mega church pastor Rob Bell’s 2011 book Love Wins and wonder what ever happened to him here is the scoop. Recently Rob Bell sat down for an interview with The New York and shared that the controversy following his book played a large part in why he left his church Mars Hills Church in West Virginia in September 22, 2011.
A church that he had founded in February 1999 and stated originally he had left due to, “”Feeling the call from God to pursue a growing number of strategic opportunities, our founding pastor Rob Bell, has decided to leave Mars Hill in order to devote his full energy to sharing the message of God’s love with a broader audience.”
The New Yorker article, titled “Hell-Raiser,” wrote that Mars Hill saw a 3,000-person decrease in membership and received a great deal of negative criticism and accusations of heresy and universalism over the book, which questioned the existence of hell and the exclusivity of heaven. Kristen Bell, Rob’s wife, said in the interview that “there was a cost … and part of the cost was we couldn’t keep doing what we were doing at Mars Hill.” The New Yorker wrote. “Congregants reported that friends and family members were asking why they were allowing themselves to be led by a false teacher.” You can read the article at The New Yorker (here).